Institute of Geodesy
|Institute of Geodesy|
|Affiliations||Lviv Polytechnic National University|
|Director||Sc.D., Prof. Kornyliy Tretiak|
|Location||6 Karpinskyi St., 79013 Lviv; 2nd academic building, 501-st and 601-st room|
|Page on lp.edu.ua||Official page|
The history of the Institute began in 1945. More than six thousand engineers have graduated since the Institute opened its doors. Today, the Institute incorporates six departments: Geodesy, Cartography and Geospatial Modelling, Engineering Geodesy, Cadastre of territory, Photogrammetry and Geoinformatics, Higher Geodesy and Astronomy.
The Institute trains students for Bachelor’s Degrees, and prepares them as Specialists or Masters in GEODESY, CARTOGRAPHY, and LAND MANAGEMENT.Besides studying major disciplines, students receive basic educational training in the first two departments.The other four departments lead to graduation, and offer the students the following majors and specialized fields of studies:
- Geodesy (major in Engineering Geodesy and Cosmic Geodesy)
- Land management and Cadastre
- Real Estate and Land Evaluation (new)
- Monitoring the Earth from Space (new)
- Geographic Information Systems and Technologies
- Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Specialists in geodesy perform a wide range of tasks related to solving basic geodetic issues, such as studying the size and shape of the Earth, drawing up State geodetic networks and basic principles for mapping and topographic surveys, geodetic provisions and support for engineering, researching, designing, work on other types of construction operations, etc.
The major in Cosmic Geodesy was opened due to rapidly-developing methods for resolving various geodetic problems, based on the use of artificial Earth satellites. The Global Positioning System (GPS) method represents a remarkable achievement in space geodesy, which has introduced revolutionary changes in geodetic science.
The major in Geographic Information Systems and Technologies (GIST) is related to designing, developing, and operating GIST instruments and methods used for geodesy, cartography, photogrammetry, and remote sensing, and forming databases and data banks by using advanced software programs and computer equipment.
Photogrammetry specialists enjoy a large field of activity in our country. They contribute to taking photographs of the Earth’s surface in order to accomplish very important work by preparing topographic maps and plans, land cadastre maps and urban planning cadastre maps. Rapidly-developing computer systems and technologies enable them to actively access all sectors of our national economy.
Land reform processes and relations have made it indispensable to train specialists in regulating land management and cadastre. These specialists perform work operations, which are directly related to denationalizing and privatizing land, making land inventories, compiling State land and urban planning cadastres, cadastral provisions for new types of agricultural structures, and registering land ownership. In addition, they may perform land assessments of different categories at a professional level, as well as expert assessments of non-agricultural land.
The Institute offers excellent conditions for specialists that meet production requirements. The educational process is based on laboratories equipped with modern devices and apparatuses, computer classes, and computer graphics and digital imaging classes. The Institute also bases its work at the Astronomy Observatory located in the Main University Building, and on geodetic practices carried out in Shatsk in the Volyn Region, where several internationally renowned GPS satellite stations operate permanently.The Institute has a well-equipped educational polygon in Berezhany in the Ternopil Region, and a geodetic base in Shatsk in the Volyn Region, both designated for educational practical courses and research studies. During these practical courses, the best students become involved in implementing production tasks and research and science work.
The best students, students with a Master’s Degree, and postgraduate students have the opportunity to study here, or attend training courses in prestigious higher education institutions or research and production facilities in Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and other countries, which have concluded cooperation agreements with the Institute.
After graduating from the Institute (with any one of the selected majors or specializations in hand), the graduates are offered employment at various companies, which belong to the management of Ukrheodezkartohrafiya (Ukrainian Research Institute of Geodesy and Cartography), astronomy and gravimetric observatories of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, the National Space Agency, in regional, municipal, and district Departments for Land Resources, cadastral offices, construction administrations and organizations, etc.
Creation of the Institute of Geodesy began on January 24, 1945. This day Geodetic Department of the Lviv Polytechnic Institute was established. It continued the best traditions of Lviv geodetic school, established in the eighteenth century.
Teaching geodesy began in Lviv Polytechnic in 1844. First in Ukraine Department of Geodesy and spherical astronomy began to work in June 18, 1871. It was headed by Professor Dominic Zbrozhek. In 1878 the Department opened an astronomical observatory. In 1884 Department of Geodesy and spherical astronomy was splited into two: geodesy (Head — S. Vidt) and spherical astronomy and higher geodesy (V. Laska since November 1885). In 1901 at the initiative of professor Vaclav Laska the seismic station was established. In 1908 Department of spherical astronomy and higher geodesy was headed by L. Grabowski, in 1912 K. Vaigel became head of the department of geodesy. In 1921 the geodetic division with three departments was established in Lviv Polytechnic on the Engineering Faculty.
In January 1945, sole in Ukraine Geodetic Facuulty was established. It included the departments of Geodesy, Higher geodesy, Astronomy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography. A. Motornyy was appointed as a Dean of the Faculty.
In 1952 on the faculty new department of Engineering Geodesy was established. Later during this year the Geodetic Faculty was joined with departments of geological fields of the Oil faculty and was renamed as Geological- Reconnoitering faculty with dean professor M.Myhal (1952 −1957). So in addition to surveying professions, the faculty began training in the field: “Geology and reconnoitering of oil and gas fields” and “Geophysical methods of exploration of oil and gas fields.”
In 1956 new specialty “Aerial photo geodesy” had been established on the faculty and began training the engineers on this speciality. At the same time the distance learning on the specialities of “Aerial photo geodesy” and “Geodesy” was organised.
In 1959 Geological- Reconnoitering faculty was reorganized and geodetic faculty was established on the base of geodetic departments. The Dean of Faculty was associate professor O. Zavodovskyi (1958 — 1961).
In 2001 on the base of Geodetic Faculty of Lviv Polytechnic National University the Institute of Geodesy was founded and its director was professor P. Zazulyak.
Totaly since 1896 till 1995, Lviv geodetic school produced more than 7500 professionals. Among theme are well known scientists E. Vilkevych, M. Pashkevych, Y. Kozhuhovskyi, T. Kalish, M. Vrona, Ch. Kameda, T. Blahut, K. Vaigel, I. Monin, A. Ostrovskyi, J. Yatskiv, V. Kyslyuk, M. Andronati, J. Djun, P. Baran, J. Kostezka, P. Pavliv; O. Dorozhynskyy, B. Djuman, O. Marchenko, L. Perovych, P. Zazulyak, I. Trevoho, P. Chernyaha, P. Dvulit, F. Zablotskij, O. Moroz, K. Burshtynska, K. Tretyak, S. Savchuk, V. Hlotov.
Over 60% of leader managers and heads of geodetic enterprises of the former Soviet Union graduated the Faculty of Geodesy.
Today 16 professors, doctors, and 29 associate professors perform training, educational and research works in the Institute. The total number of doctors is more than 60% of the total number of doctors in specialties geodesy, photogrammetry, cartography, cadastre and land monitoring working in Ukraine The Institute of Geodesy teaches more than 600 students. Their training is provided by six departments: Geodesy (Prof. O. Moroz), Cartography and Geospatial Modeling (Prof. P. Chernyaha), Higher Geodesy and Astronomy (Prof. F. Zablotskij), Engineering Geodesy (Prof. J. Kostetska), Photogrammetry and Geoinformatics (Prof. O. Dorozhynskyy), Cadastre of territories (Prof. L. Perovych).
The Institute of Geodesy trained more than 600 full-time students and distance learning. They provide training for six departments: